Costa Rica has a total area of 51,100 sq km (19,700 sq mi), of which 0.7% is water.
The total population is 5,111,238.
Spanish is the only official language.
The currency is the colón (CRC).
San José is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica. Founded in 1738, the city became the capital of Costa Rica in 1823, replacing Cartago.
The country is located in the UTC -6 time zone (difference with continental Europe: 7 hrs. in winter, 8 hrs. in summer).
It is a constitutional republic, with a president elected every 4 years. The current president (elected in 2018) is Carlos Alvarado.
Catholicism is the official religion; around 60% of Costa Ricans are Catholics, the remaining 40% are Protestants, Evangelical Christians or indigenous minorities.
Costa Rica’s national currency is the colón.
US dollars are widely accepted in most tourist-oriented businesses.
Currently, 1 USD is worth about to 610 colónes.
Credit cards are accepted (Visa, MasterCard, American Express) in most tourist establishments as well as many restaurants, bars and shops. However, we recommend using colónes for smaller daily transactions: shopping in grocery stores, local markets, small souvenir shops, etc.
Tipping is customary, but not mandatory. The amount depends on your satisfaction. At the end of a visit or to thank someone for a service, it is customary to tip guides and the team of workers who have taken good care of you. This must be adapted to the country’s living standards, which in Costa Rica are similar to Europe.
Please note that in some establishments, prices do not include taxes (13%) or service (10%).
The local cellphone network is very good in cities and across the central valley, but as soon as you leave the main roads, 4G coverage is much more patchy.
Internet access is also very easy across much of the country: hotels, bars, restaurants, and some public buildings offer WI-FI connections.
Costa Rica has two international airports: Juan Santamaría International Airport, located in Alajuela just outside the capital city of San José, in the middle of the country; and Liberia’s Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport, in the north of the country.
The main global airlines (Air France, Iberia, KLM, United, Delta, Copa Airlines, American Airlines, Lufthansa, etc.) serve both airports with daily flights from Europe and the United States.
Several regional airports are also served by two national airlines, Sansa and Aerocaribe, and connect the capital San José to outlying local destinations such as Playa Tambor, Tortuguero, Corcovado, Tamarindo, etc.
Costa Rica also has many local bus routes connecting the country’s main cities. This is a cheap way to get around, but buses make many stops and journey times can be quite long.
There are also shared shuttle companies that connect the country’s main tourist spots at fixed times, once or twice a day. Shared shuttles run by private companies are much faster and smaller, but more expensive than local buses.
The best way to explore the country in depth is to rent a car. This is the option chosen by most visitors when touring Costa Rica. Several international and national companies offer this service.
To rent a vehicle, you will need a credit card (valid for at least six months) in the name of the main driver + a passport + a valid driver’s license (international license not required).
A deposit (usually around $1,000) will be taken on your card to guarantee your rental. Please note that almost every rental company does not allow you to leave the country with a rental vehicle.
Costa Rica’s two best-known daily newspapers are La Nacion and La Republica.
Two other popular papers are more like tabloid scandal sheets: Diario Extra and La Teja.
The country’s main television networks are Repretel (channels 4, 6, 11) and Teletica (channel 7), the historical channel founded in the 60s.
|January 1||New Year’s Day||Año Nuevo||The celebration of the first day of the Gregorian Calendar.|
|March or April||Maundy Thursday||Jueves Santo|
|March or April||Good Friday||Viernes Santo|
|April 11||Juan Santamaría Day||Día de Juan Santamaría||Santamaría was a hero in the battle against North American Filibuster William Walker in 1856.|
|May 1||Labour Day||Día Internacional del Trabajo|
|July 25||Guanacaste Day||Día de Guanacaste||Celebrates the annexation of the Partido de Nicoya in 1824.|
|August 2||Virgin of Los Angeles Day||Día de la Virgen de los Ángeles||Employers must provide an unpaid day off.|
|August 15||Mother’s Day||Día de la Madre||Also the Assumption of Mary.|
|September 15||Independence Day||Día de la Independencia||Celebrates the Act of Independence of Central America of 1821.|
|October 12||National Cultures Day||Día del Encuentro de las Culturas||This holiday honors the many different cultures that make up the people of Costa Rica today. Non-paid holiday.|
|December 1||Army Abolition Day||Día de la Abolición del Ejército||Celebrates abolition of Costa Rican army since 1948.|
Costa Rica is one of the safest destinations in Latin America.
However, common sense is advised at all times :
It is also best to stick to marked and maintained trails when hiking in Costa Rica, both in private and public locations (National Parks, biological reserves, etc.). Entrance fees are often charged ($5 to $30 per person, on average). “Having to pay for a hike” can be an unpleasant feeling, but given the hostile natural environment and how hard it is to find your bearings in the rainforest, hikers are strongly advised to use infrastructures designed for the public to safely enjoy Costa Rica’s natural environment.
Medical care :
Emergencies: 911 (police, fire department, ambulance)